Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Re: Pipe storage


Just some random thoughts about storage of pipe over a long period of time.

I have no degree or credentials, so you should fact-check everything here.
But this is based on my many-years study of pipelines and physics.
I may have made an error somewhere.
I believe this is mostly correct.

Plug this into Google maps: 42.688208, -73.955254
This is a spread yard for the Constitution Pipeline.
(image below)

This pipe has been sitting there since ~March 2014.
So about 4 years.

How long was it sitting after it was manufactured?
Unknown.

How long will it sit before it is finally used?
Unknown.

So it is possible that this pipe could sit around,
exposed to the elements for a decade before it is finally used.

What most people do not understand,
but rolled steel pipe has both stored
mechanical energy and electro-chemical energy.

Every section of rolled steel pipe wants to destroy itself
from the day it is made. And there are two competing ways it wants
to do that.

The first way is mechanical energy:

Every section of pipe is like a giant spring under tension.
It literally wants to go SPROING! and unwind along helical welds,
just like a roll of Pillsbury dinner rolls.

When pipelines explode, they often unwind like this.
You can see this in images from pipeline failures, like Sissonville WV:





The second way rolled steel pipes want to self-destruct is through electro-chemical energy.

Every section of pipe has little batteries all along the surface.
It has negatively charged areas (anodes) and positively charged areas (cathodes).
 



Add external water with a dissolved electrolyte, and you have a complete
electrical path. The charged areas of different potential want to equalize.

Through an electro-chemical reaction, the anode will actually
dissolve, it will give up charged molecules of metal.
This is how pipelines corrode and produce wall loss. 

So will a section of steel pipe fail through the release of
mechanical energy, leading to deformation?
Or will it dissolve into dust?
It's a race and only time will tell....

Cathodic Protection systems place "sacrificial anodes" into the ground and
literally spray the area with molecules of metal. This donor anode metal (-)
wants to bind to the cathode areas on the pipe (+) and hopefully spare the
pipe from donating parts of itself as the anode and rust.

Now what they do is coat the outside of the pipe with something called
"Fusion Bond Epoxy". This is an electrical insulator. The idea here is to
make a barrier and break the electrical path and slow corrosion.

But it gets complicated, because the layer of epoxy, which is an electrical insulator,
also creates a capacitor, which is another device which stores an electrical charge!
So every section of pipe is actually made of little batteries in a short-circuit configuration,
and to slow do the pipe from dissolving into dust, they actually create a new problem.

Now that you understand all of this... now examine this massive structure!!
image is from Google Earth:



All kinds of questions arise!
I am only smart enough to ask these questions.
I do not have these answers:

1: What kind of effects could a structure like this have upon the Earth?

Could it affect weather? Could it alter the earths magnetic field?
Might the N-S or E-W orientation of the pipe matter?
Could it act like a resonant tank for radio waves of a certain
frequency? 

2: What kind of effects could the Earth (magnetic flux lines, radio waves,
force of gravity/gravity waves, charged areas in clouds) have upon this structure?

Could the Earth's natural fields increase the rate of corrosion?
Could this structure act like a giant transformer?
What if this were struck by lightening?

A structure this large and this contrived IMO could not only increase the rate of
corrosion of the pipe, but it could also produce strange hazards due to it's
electrical-chemical properties. 

Hope these ramblings are helpful... :)
BH



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On Wed, Jul 18, 2018 at 8:36 PM, William Limpert <wflimpert@gmail.com> wrote:
Marilyn:

I am aware of the Keystone storage issues, and of Schramm's testimony.

I am preparing to put out a general statement to lawmakers, and the media summarizing my findings, and asking for a thorough investigation before any of the 80,000 pipes are put out of sight out of mind.

I've got comments from a PHMSA employee who told me that the pipeline companies are running the show, and PHMSA and the American people are beig shortchanged.

Senator Warner's oice has been involved…minimally, and I can tell they are just itching to have it go away.

I asked Judy Woodruff to bring it up in the Kaine/Steart Senate debate this Saturday at the Homestead.

This is a serious public safety issue, and i 'm going to push it.

I hope somebody listens.

Bill

On Jul 18, 2018, at 6:08 PM, Marilyn M Shifflett <mmsedit@aol.com> wrote:


Bill & Bill,
This is pertaining to the Southern leg of the Keystone XL.
Marilyn

-----Original Message-----
From: Marilyn M Shifflett <mmsedit@aol.com>
To: mmsedit <mmsedit@aol.com>
Sent: Thu, Mar 15, 2018 8:08 am
Subject: Pipe storage

https://www.desmogblog.com/2015/08/03/permits-required-build-transcanada-s-keystone-xl-pipeline-jeopardy-hearings-reveal-missteps


"
Precluded from pre-trial evidence were photos of segments of pipe procured for the Keystone XL that were stored at the Gascoyne pipe yard in North Dakota. The interveners were able to introduce the photos during their cross examination of Kothari when she disclosed that the pipe had been purchased by 2011.
At first Kothari claimed the pipe was stored at a few manufacturing facilities, but when questioned about pipe being stored at the Gascoyne pipe yard, she admitted some of it was also at that location.
The photos of the Gascoyne pipe yard show sections of pipeline piled up several layers high and left out in the open. The duration of time the pipes were stored without protection against the elements led the interveners to question the integrity of the pipe materials.
EN Engineering's Schramm testified that the National Association of Pipe Coating Applicators recommends protecting pipe materials left above ground within six months. But Schramm added that Scotch, a,manufacturer, recommends taking measures to protect the pipe within 12-18 months. (Audio of Schramm's relevant testimony at 0:23:15 – 0:29:00 on Saturday Aug. 1)
However, Sabrina King, a member of the Dakota Rural Action group who shot the photos referred to during the hearing, claimed the pipe had been at the Gascoyne yard in North Dakota since December 2010.
King's photos were taken in May of 2013. By August that year, TransCanda did take action and protect the pipe, past both of the recommended times that Schramm mentioned.
"That is 2.5 years of pipe laying out in North Dakota, where the weather is horrendous, before it was fully covered," King told DeSmog.( Audio of Schramm's relevant testimony at 20:30 to 26:00 on Saturday Aug. 1)




Wednesday, July 11, 2018

ANOTHER XNG rollover crash in Otsego County // #BombTrucks

Photo Source: WKTV: http://www.wktv.com/content/news/Section-of-Rt-28-closed-in-Schuyler-Lake-following-tractor-trailer-rollover-487926141.html


Today at 3:05 PM: multiple fire units were dispatched to 7202 State Route 28, in Exeter, Otsego County for an XNG rollover crash. The report issued by Otsego Emergency Management Dispatch was that the truck was leaking gas. The trailer was manufactured by Quantum Fuel Systems, and is believed to be a VP-Lite mode.

Rt 28 is CLOSED from 16 to Schuyler Lake. As of about 4:30, they were trying to disconnect power and phone lines. First responders are waiting on Verizon and rep from XNG from Forest Lake PA to arrive.

As I have reported, one of the NUMEROUS safety issues I have identified with these trucks is their high center of gravity, making them a rollover risk.

Image 1: High Center of Gravity (Center of Mass) increases rollover risk. The Quantum VP-series (right) have an even higher CG than the Hexagon Composites Titan-40 (left)
Image 2: Critical angle is much smaller for trailers with a high center of gravity.
Hexagon Composites Titan-40 (left), Quantum VP-Lite (center), Fedex Box Trailer (right)



In fact, there have now been TWO rollover crashes in Susquehanna County of XNG vehicles (both were Quantum VP-Lites),and also TWO MORE rollover crashes in Otsego County (one Hexagon Titan-40, and the one today is still unknown).

All known incidents here: TinyURL.com/BombTrucksIncidents

I am posting updates on Facebook at Stop the #BombTrucks:




​Image 3: Today's crash location

Image 4: Prior rollover crash, 9/12/2017 Town of Hartwick, Otsego Co.

Image 5: All Known Prior Incidents
​Image 6: XNG incidents, Pipe-to-Pipe, Forest Lake, Susquehanna Co. PA to Manheim, Herkimer Co., NY, since operations began 2/2017





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Monday, June 11, 2018

EXCLUSIVE: WV explosion of TransCanada Leach XPress occured feet from adjacent NGL pipeline




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I've been studying the Marshall County, WV explosion of Columbia Pipeline / TransCanada "Leach XPress" pipeline (LXP), on Nixon Ridge, just south of Moundsville WV for the last 4 days.

NO NEWS OUTLET is reporting the following facts:

1: In addition to the LXP, which was permitted Jan 2017, and went into service Jan 2018, there is another new pipeline was was recently permitted, the Mountaineer XPress (MXP), with a terminus at Nixon Ridge to the LXP.  I believe the MXP is now under construction.

2: The failure of the LXP occurred mere feet from the Blue Racer Midstream Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) pipeline, in the same pipeline Right of Way (ROW).

3: Also, from the published drone shots, it looks like there may have been construction activity in the area?

What has frustrated me, is that there is no one single data source to examine. These pipelines are so new (LXP, MXP), they are not yet in NPMS. So I had to assemble these maps painstakingly from various sources: a) NPMS, b) Google Earth, c) the EIS of the LXP/MXP pipelines, and d) published photographs.

I am beginning to measure the impact radius, but the failure occurred in a valley, so the blast was constrained on two sides by mountains. So while this may not set any records, it was a BIG fire.

UPDATE 6/13/2018: I realize there is an ambiguity in the definition of Potential Impact Radius, as defined by 49 CFR 192.903: Does one measure the radius as a flat 2D projection, viewed from above? Or does one follow the contours of the Earth? It turns out the measurements by each method are very different in a location with a topology like Nixon Ridge/Big Tribble Creek (steep slopes in 2 directions away from the point-of-failure).
I have a suspicion this was was "wet gas" (methane mixed with NGLs), but this is just a hunch.

PROBABLE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS: (Updated 6/12/2018)

From what I see,
  1. The site was near a creek bed, so there could be dampness issues, known to accelerate corrosion.
  2. I believe if you examine the pressure profile of gas pipelines, there is greater pressure and stress forces at lower elevations, especially in a valley between two steep hills.  This also could result in stresses on welds due to gravity, or due to erosion of the hillside. The Mayflower Arkansas rupture of the Exxon Mobil Pegasus Diluted Bitumen pipeline occurred at such a low point. (I realize Dilbit is a dense, high-gravity product, but methane at pressure does have significant mass, so I think the principle is the same. High velocity mass in a pipeline being asked to turn a sharp corner could equal trouble.) Updated 6/13.
  3. If you read the comments on the WTRF drone video, the pipeline workers are complaining about "BAD PIPE": https://www.facebook.com/wtrf7news/videos/10155571111306914/
  4. Cathodic Protection is intended to reduce the rate of corrosion, but is difficult to get right. Nothing can prevent corrosion, and CP done wrong can accelerate it.  This location is suspect for "stray DC"-- known to disrupt CP systems and accelerate corrosion-- due to the presence of a foreign pipeline in the same ROW. (The Blue Racer Midstream). See the two part series by Julie Dermansky in DeSmogBlog [1] [2] about the Keystone-1 corrosion (also a TransCanada Pipeline) and read the attached reports.  Updated 6/13.
  5. Was there an "External strike" due to construction equipment? The drone footage shows one bulldozer at the top of Nixon Ridge north of Big Tribble Creek. And there appears to be another dozer which looks to have slid down the south hill (Fish Creek area), and appears to have been involved in the fire. Was there construction activity, perhaps erosion control, prior to the explosion?
  6. Corrosive Product? --  We need to find what the source of this gas is, and the composition. As I have stated, for several reasons, I suspect this was wet gas. (1: wet gas region, 2: size and shape of the fire, 3: statements made by TransCanada).  Wet gas is known to be potentially corrosive. There are many online documents about this. Such as [this]. It is possible that any fracked gas, may contain corrosive components from the flowback fluids (brines, bacteria, H2S, CO2, etc).
  7. Were there Defective Welds or bad inspections or quality control?
  8. Was there Operator Error which contributed, such as block valves closed remotely in error?
  9. Was there Mechanical Failure, such as with the SCADA system, or related remote sensors?
  10. Multi-Phase product? If it is wet gas, then special problems in multi-phase pipelines should be looked at. There is a sharp turn at the point of failure, and it is at a low point. Can slugs damage a pipeline at a sharp corner? Slugs can accumulate at a low point and cause pressure surges.
  11. Proximity to Upstream Compressor? I believe the direction of flow is generally South and West, so the compressor would be the Lone Oak, which I estimate now to be ~16 miles away? Updated 6/13.

HELP! I CANNOT FIND THE Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure (MAOP) anywhere in the FEIS!! Man, how irresponsible can you get!!!

UPDATE 6/13: Carolyn Elefant, an attorney who works with communities fighting pipelines, and a former staff atty at FERC wrote to me, "the MAOP would be in the Exhibit G flow diagrams which are typically CEII information. Possibly also in some of the initial resource reports." Yes, I know I've seen it sometimes in the description of the project. I think FERC should REQUIRE the MAOP to be made public IN ALL CASES. 
I'm trying to search the docket now, but GD FERC eLibrary is down (again):

If you happen to know the MAOP of the Leach XPress, and can cite an official source,  please send it to: WilliamAHuston@gmail.com 
Thanks!!

UPDATE Tuesday June 12, 9am: I've got one unconfirmed report the MAOP is 1440 psi, which is typical. So assuming this is correct, I ran the numbers through my improved PIR formula: http://TinyURL.com/BHBetterPIR

For 1440 psi and a 36" pipe, the PIR from the federal formula is 943 ft. Since this is *Potential* Impact Radius, the actual value should never exceed this (but always does from my research).



My formula predicts 1602 ft for what I call the Major Impact Radius.
 (The max of 1490, 1538, & 1602).

According to my initial measurement (Google Maps/Earth), the Major Impact Radius (scorched trees) is ~1,200 ft.  Notice this is above the federal PIR (bad!) yet under mine (good!).

(1,200 ft. is based on Google Earth, which by default follows terrain. I now realize that PIR is ambiguous. Do you A) measure the radius by following the ground/terrain? Or B) do you assume a flat projection, as viewed from directly overhead? It turns out the length A > B.)

Note that there were likely minor impacts far beyond this, up to 3111 ft away according to my formula, but being a remote area it would be impossible to know. (I usually use warped or melted home siding as an indicator here. ) Also the unique terrain (occurred at the bottom of a steep valley) may have constrained the impacts.

This is one of the first accidents which I've got data for after I built my model. (I had to do some tweaks after Salem, because there was good quality data, and it was very bad... Minor impacts out to 2,200 ft!

But this one helps to confirm my model is a good one, at least up to 36"in pipelines.

Check back for updates...

BH




The Leach XPress (LXP / green) is part of several new related projects built or proposed by Transcanada, including the Mountaineer Xpress (MXP / red), and the Gulf Xpress and the Rayne XPress and the Gulf XPress (both yellow).

From this shot, posted by Marshall County OEM on Facebook, I was able to identify the exact location along Big Tribble Creek. Compare with photo below:


Based on a still from a drone shot posted by Marshall County OEM, I used Google Earth to locate the exact spot of the failure. I named this "Marshall County Suspect Location", even though it was on Big Tribble Creek, and reports had only mentioned that it was near Fish Creek. Compare this from the still of the drone video posted by WTRF-News7 at the top of this article.




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Friday, June 1, 2018

Fwd: Interesting: Type-4 CNG virtual pipeline tube trailers owners manuals + example


Hexagon Composites Titan Owners Manual:
(you can download by logging in with a free account)

Quantum VP Owners Manual:
http://www.qtww.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/VP-Owners-Manual-Rev-D.pdf

You can view these and prior versions in my
"Virtual Pipelines" document collection
(look under the manufactures section).


(Sometimes you can find interesting things by looking
at how a document has changed over time. That's
why I keep up prior versions).

This is for real tech geeks, but there is an
amazing amount of useful information here!!

For example, this is one of my favorites!

Page 21 of the Quantum Rev D manual:

The Quantum Virtual Pipeline System must NEVER be exposed to a vacuum. If the system experiences a vacuum, the gas storage cylinders will be damaged.


Page 8 of the Titan manual, it says something similar:

Do not allow a vacuum to form in the cylinder(s) at any time.

Now, I want you to think about the function of this thing:



We tend to call it a "compressor", but that is only at the outlet.
At the INLET, functionally, we might call it a VACUUM PUMP.

Now the Iroquois IIRC has an MAOP of about 1100 psig.
But these #Bombtrucks run at 3600 psig. 3x HIGHER PRESSURE.

But you only need a compressor for pushing LOWER to HIGHER.
Huh? So why do we need a big monster compressor at Manheim?

WE DON'T! 

But we DO NEED A VACUUM as the pressure reduces in the
cylinder approaching the receiving pipeline pressure (1100 psig,
in the case of the Iroquois), down to the Minimum Cylinder Pressure
of 200 psig,.

In fact, while it VOIDS THE WARRANTY and is known to Damage
the Cylinders to expose these tanks to a vacuum, XNG exposes
these things to a vacuum 3 times per day!!!! (x7) (x365)

BH

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Friday, May 18, 2018

Updates from Dimock // Urgent request for funding


Please donate generously if you can to support my work:


Hi friends,

I have an urgent need to raise about $2,000 for basic living expenses and program expenses for the next 6 weeks or so.  I have already raised about $200 of this. I need about $300 more or things start getting turned off.

Here are a couple of my recent projects:

I have a MAJOR story I am about to release about the use of Diesel Fuel in hydrofracking processes, a violation of the Safe Drinking Water Act.

Please donate generously if you can to support my work:


Thank you!
BH


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William Huston:  WilliamAHuston@gmail.com
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Monday, May 14, 2018

Salem PA: Root Cause Analysis just released!


Salem Update
  • EXCLUSIVE BREAKING NEWS: I have obtained under FOIL a never-before released document in the 2016 Salem, Westmoreland County, PA Texas-Eastern (TETCO) Pipeline rupture, which severely burned James Baker, and destroyed his home.

    Find it here: TinyURL.com/BHPipelineSafety

    Navigate: Enter Archive -> Salem PA ->  2018-05-07-SalemRootCauseAnalysisPHMSASpectra
  • I have done extensive reporting about the Salem Incident on my blog and on Facebook, including my interview with Helen Baker, James Baker's mom (3,000+ plays).

    The report, titled "Technical Root Cause Analysis of Delmont Line 27 Failure (direct link to the report)" (10/14/2016)  is 115 pages and has lots of technical details, never before published photographs.

     
  • NOTE WELL: This report was commissioned by Spectra. It is NOT the official PHMSA Pipeline Accident Report. After 2 years, we are still waiting... and waiting...

     
  • I've just glanced at the report, but I note that I correctly predicted some of the major findings.

    In a series of Facebook comments [1] [2] [3] between May 5, 2016 and July 21, 2016,
    I suggested the root cause would include certain factors, including:

    • Corrosion caused by wet conditions: creekbed, visible water seeps, and drainage
    • Corrosion caused by the presence of surface salt (chlorides)
    • Cathodic Protection failures

    (I identified other critical factors, such as close proximity to the upstream compressor @ Delmont, based on original research documented elsewhere on my blog).

This exclusive material brought to you by
the Scranton Times Trib? Nope. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette? Nope.

...By me!

I need your donations to continue this work.
    =================================================

    Quick Beg: I have done (IMHO) critical public service work for 8 years,
    using my very unique skills My Fracking Resume

    I am in critical need of about $2,000 in short-term funding
    (through June) until my long term funding is in place.
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    Thursday, April 19, 2018

    PEMA Director: No Authority to Investigate Epidemic!

    Friends, as some of you know, with the goal of banning fracking in New York, the Susquehanna River Basin,  and everywhere, and with the goal of thwarting all of this insane O+G infrastructure, I have turned my attention back to NE Pennsylvania, where my family is from.

    For the past 8 months, I have uncovered a treasure trove of documentation,  ~35,000 documents! and built a detailed timeline.

    I have come to the conclusion that Fracking (Unconventional Shale Gas development) CANNOT be done without causing Widespread and Systemic air and water pollution, and without Public Corruption and Organized Crime. (not hyperbole!)

    ███████████████████████████████████████████████
    Please watch and share my new video:
    PEMA Director: No Authority to Investigate Epidemic!


    youtube.com/watch?v=IJ-ucCSQzFU

    ██████████████████████████████████████
     

    If you feel so moved, please call any of these numbers and demand
    that Raymond Kemble of Dimock(*) start receiving Clean Water Deliveries as required by law: Title 58 §3218 of the Oil and Gas Act.

    $$$$$$$$$$$

    PS: I am now doing full time public service work.
    I am living off grants and donations.
    I am in desperate need of about $2,000 to sustain my work!

    Please donate if you can:

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    Wednesday, April 18, 2018

    Re: INHUMANE! Red and her daughter are still in trees.


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    On Wed, Apr 18, 2018 at 3:43 PM, William Huston <williamahuston@gmail.com> wrote:
    Please send to press contacts!
    Red Terry Takes a Stand!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dt3Bz_uwBsA

    EQT Midstream Partners w/local law enforcement have cut off all supplies. "
    No food or water for 3 days!

    Fighting massive 42" fracked gas Mountain Valley Pipeline
    for EXPORT! Please help get the word out! #StandWithRed

    Richmond Press Conference today:
    https://www.facebook.com/ChesapeakeClimate/videos/10155514373532219/

    News Report:
    http://www.wdbj7.com/content/news/Bent-Mountain-tree-sitter-still-in-trees-after-a-week--479020923.html


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    INHUMANE! Red and her daughter are still in trees.



    Please send to press contacts! 

     Red Terry Takes a Stand!

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dt3Bz_uwBsA



    EQT Midstream Partners w/local law enforcement have cut off all supplies. "
    No food or water for 3 days!

    Fighting massive 42" fracked gas Mountain Valley Pipeline
    for EXPORT! Please help get the word out! #StandWithRed

    Richmond Press Conference today:
    https://www.facebook.com/ChesapeakeClimate/videos/10155514373532219/

    News Report:
    http://www.wdbj7.com/content/news/Bent-Mountain-tree-sitter-still-in-trees-after-a-week--479020923.html





    --
    William Huston:  WilliamAHuston@gmail.com
    Binghamton NY

    Public Service Mapping / Videography / Research
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    Sunday, April 8, 2018

    Democracy vs Republic?

    What kind of rule do we have?

    Theocracy? No.
    Military Rule? (ostensibly,) No.
    Kingdom? No.
    Self-Rule by Sovereign Citizens? YES.

    Demos = PEOPLE.
    Democracy = Rule By the People.
    Preamble of the Constitution: "We the People,...."

    Are you sure you want to argue for a Republic?

    Then you should go read Plato. Plato's Republic had heavy class divisions. There were the elites, "Citizens" who were educated, and due to their superior breeding and culture, we deemed capable of participating in government, and who (theoretically) ruled benevolently. The rest of the people were PROPERTYLESS SERFS. That a Republic.

    "Platonic Republicans" are like the modern Liberal (as defined by Thomas Frank, author of "Listen Liberal"). They believe they are more able to be a citizen, with rights of participation in the affairs of government, due to their better breeding and superior education. Frank calls this a "Meritocracy".

    Read the 2nd paragraph of the Declaration of Independence if you are confused. BTW: the Bill of Rights protects individual rights, and makes sure that the "two wolves" don't decide that the sheep is for dinner.

    The American Republic (a hybrid and very unlike Plato's) recognizes the sovereignty of the individual. (That makes us a Democracy, homey.) Our Representative Democracy is IMO a compromise, because even if the founders had idealized a direct Democracy, it was impossible in 1776, before highways, telephones, radio, TV, internet, etc.


    --
    --
    May you, and all beings
    be happy and free from suffering :)
    -- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)