Grant Writing Workshop
Dec 3, 2009
Prepared by William Huston
- For-profit vs. Non-profit corporations
- For profit: revenues beyond expenses distributed to investors, and bonuses
- Non-profit: revenues beyond expenses kept for program expenses
- Not-for-profit corporations must be created for a charitable purpose.
- Funding Foundations vs. Direct Charities
- Foundations purpose is to collect and distribute funds to other non-profits
- Charities offer funded programs which directly affect people in need.
- Some "funding foundations" also have their own funded programs.
- How to create a not-for-profit corporation
- Incorporate in your state
- Must have a board of directors, articles of incorporation, bylaws, mission statement, and a charitable purpose
- Filing fees with the state are approximately $100, depending on whether expediting is required.
- The Board of Directors (or Trustees) are typically volunteer positions. The board has a treasurer, a chairman, and a recording secretary. The board will create various standing and ad-hoc committees for various functions.
- They will typically hire an Executive Director who manages the daily operations and hires other positions.
- It's highly recommended that once you get up and running, you hire an accountant, an attorney, and an auditor.
- For NY, a lot of documentation is available from the State here: http://www.charitiesnys.com (website operated by the Office of the Attorney General) Booklets available online or from the Attorney General's office in the State Office Bldg downtown (17th floor)
- NY codes governing non-profit corps: http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/nycode/NPC
- Get an EIN number (See IRS website)
- Apply for federal 501(c)3 designation.
- IRS Publication 557 http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p557.pdf
- Tax Exempt Organizations Tax Kit
- Get IRS pubs online, or call 1-800-TAX-FORM / 1-800-829-3676
- Your own 501c3 vs. a funded program under a fiscal sponsor
- A fiscal sponsor is an existing 501(c)(3) corporation which will act as an umbrella organization to funnel grants through to your program.
- A fiscal sponsor takes on the responsibility to make sure your program expenses are spent appropriately and that the grant guidelines are met.
- A fiscal sponsor typically takes 5%-14% of the amount of the grant for administration fees.
- Different types. Please read: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiscal_sponsorship
- Types of money
- Most foundations grants are for capital expenses
- Operational costs (reoccurring, non-capital)
- salaries + benefits
- electricity + phone + gas + internet
- office supplies and other consumables
- equipment repairs
- operational costs typically not covered by grants!!
- All grants have "strings attached"!
- All grants have purposes, guidelines, and restrictions.
- Sometimes the project must be crafted to meet these guidelines.
- Grants are usually administered in cycles: annual, bi-annual, or quarterly.
So your application must be timely.
- Locating grants
- Free services
- Fee-based subscription services also exist
- (some of the above also have subscription-services)
- The Broome County Public Library has a subscription to
Foundation Directory Online, and terminals are open to the public.
- Writing grants
- Follow the guidelines!
- Have a detailed business plan prepared before you get started.
- Common sections to every grant:
- Executive Summary
- Statement of Need
- Project Description
- Governance / Organizational Structure
- See also http://npguides.org
Here is a list of some possible funding sources for O2E-TV.
This is NOT an exhaustive list! Use the above resources
and creative Googl'ing to locate others!!!
- Hoyt Foundation ($20M)
70 Front Street Binghamton, New York 13905 (607) 772-0780.
- Decker Foundation: ($33M)
8 RIVERSIDE DR, BINGHAMTON , NY 13905
Gerald E. Putman, Executive Director
- Klee Foundation: ($20M)
84 Court St, Ste 500, Binghamton, NY 13901
(607) 722-2266, Judith Peckham, Executive Director
- Ahern Foundation
108 Moore Ave, Binghamton, NY 13903 (607) 772-8531
- Park Foundation ($300M!!!)
PO Box 550 Ithaca, NY 14851
- SOUTHERN TIER COMMUNITY LABOR AID INC
Dave Duncan email: firstname.lastname@example.org
PO BOX 475
- Ray and Wanda Osterhout
- Broome County Council for the Arts
- NY State Council for the Arts http://www.nysca.org/public/home.cfm
- Broome County United Way
- Carnegie Foundation
- Ford Foundation
- Soros Foundation
- Schumann Foundation
33 Park Street
Montclair, NJ 07042
Telephone: (973) 783-6660
Fax: (973) 783-7553
- Rockefeller Foundation
- MacArthur Foundation
- Annenberg Foundation
- Federal grants:
- New Voices
- Funding exchange http://fex.org
- Knight Newschallenge http://www.newschallenge.org/index.html
- John S. and James L. Knight foundation
- Federal Stimulus money???
UPDATE: Here is an amazing resource about grant writing, provided by Carolyn Friedman:
Bill Huston WilliamAHuston@gmail.com
Binghamton NY Phone: 607-321-7846
SocialNet: http://facebook.com/billhuston http://myspace.com/MrMouthyMan
Videos: http://youtube.com/billhuston http://vimeo.com/billhuston
Bio/blog: http://binghamtonpmc.org/bio.html http://WilliamAHuston.blogspot.com
Binghamton-area discussion; spirituality topics: http://tinyurl.com/STNYlightworkers
Watch for Open-To-Everyone TV! http://www.O2ETV.org