I am going to file this as a comment on the FERC docket for the Constitution Pipeline, docket CP13-499:
The proposed Constitution Pipeline is a 30", 121m long high pressure gas transmission pipeline.
In order to put gas into a high-pressure pipeline, it must be, well, pressurized. It requires a device called a "compressor".
Seems obvious, right?
Maxwell proves in 1867 the need for compressors to do this work
From time to time there arises stories of "Perpetual Motion" machines.
Now I personally believe there is massively abundant hidden, subtle, feminine, dark energy all around which so far physics has not accounted for. (Nassim Haramein is doing great work in this area.) But most Perpetual Motion machines brought forward thus far have been hoaxes.
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) was a theoretical physicist who created equations which unified electricity and magnetism which we still use today. ("Maxwell's Equations"). He is also known for his kinetic theory of gasses (1867).
In it, he debunked conjecture about a certain kind of free-energy miracle with "Maxwell's Demon", a thought experiment which says: We cannot compress a gas without doing work.
(Defies Newton's Laws of Thermodynamics)
Constitution Application Defies Laws of Physics
Yet, Constitution Pipeline Company has produced an application which is defective and perhaps fraudulent in that their design for the pipeline lacks an initial compressor. That is to say, they are claiming that gas will get compressed by magic, without doing any work.
YES: Williams Central Station will be the start of the Constitution Pipeline
1: Cindy Ivey: 7-17-12 The Williams Central Station is the start of the Constitution
2: Wayne Pierce, Supervisor of the Williams Central Compressor Station being built by Troy.
"I believe this is the Constitution Pipeline going to NY"
|This is an example of a "field compressor", |
the Fraser Compressor which compresses gas
going into the Laser gathering line
gas to put it into the Constitution".
NO: It's not related.
1: Chris Stockton on Capitol Pressroom 9-10-2012 : "It's an independent project, not related"
2: At the Constitution Pipeline FERC Open House in Cobleskill 9-12-12,
Matt Carr, an engineer with Constitution Pipeline Company
said there would be no initial compressor at the start of the Constitution Pipeline,
that there would "be only one compressor, at the end of the pipeline".
3: Several evasive answers to questions by Mike Dickinson, The Constitution
is "not on topic" and implies it is at a different site.
4: Tim Colwell (contradicting what he just said):
"While the Central (field) compressor is at the start of the Constitution, it is not part of it." (HUH?)
This is Williams Central Station, the massive compressor station coincident with the start of the Constitution Pipeline:
Really? No compressors along the pipeline?
Matt Carr's statement that there would be only one compressor at the end of the pipeline is absurd for 2 reasons.
First is it defies the laws of physics (as mentioned above). Second, IF there is fracking in NY in the
vicinity of the Constitution Pipeline, then there almost certainly be compressors added to the pipeline
along the route.
In Broome County, the Constitution Pipeline (thin red line) would travel through a heavily leased area of the Town of Sanford. IF fracking ever was permitted in NY, we would likely see several large
compressors near the Constitution, and many more smaller ones near the wells.
|new leases, constitution pipeline|
This is exactly what we see in Pennsylvania:
The green pushpins are compressor station facilities which have been added after fracking, along the Laser (violet) and Bluestone (blue) gathering lines, and also along the Millennium (red) and Tennessee (green) transmission lines.
The larger compressor stations are normally associated with the larger transmission lines.
This contradicts Williams Company statements that the Williams Central Station is part
of a gathering line system NOT subject to FERC oversight.
- Williams Companies have lied to FERC by filing a defective and fraudulent application by not including an initial compressor.
- The have illegally segmented a larger project into at least two smaller ones.
- They have deceived regulators about the function of the Williams Central Station, as its size clearly indicates it is part of a transmission line system and should be scoped by FERC.
- By circumventing FERC scoping and permitting, this has allowed Williams to build Central Station PRIOR to the approval of the Constitution Pipeline.
Penalties of submitting false statements to the US Governemnt, especially which involve acts dangerous to human life and violate criminal laws (e.g., fraud) are considered acts of Domestic Terrorism under US Law and subject to 8 years in prison and fines.
18 USC § 1001 http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/1001
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, whoever, in any matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States, knowingly and willfully—
(3) makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or entry;
shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years or, if the offense involves international or domestic terrorism (as defined in section 2331), imprisoned not more than 8 years, or both. If the matter relates to an offense under chapter 109A, 109B, 110, or 117, or section 1591, then the term of imprisonment imposed under this section shall be not more than 8 years.
Here is where "domestic terrorism" is defined.
(5) the term “domestic terrorism” means activities that—
(A) involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State;
(B) appear to be intended—
18 USC § 96 http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/18/part-I/chapter-96 Racketeering, Criminal Syndicates (think Drillers + Support Industries: Haliburton/Schlumberger + API / EID, PR, Lobbiests, Private Security)
May you, and all beings
be happy and free from suffering :)
-- ancient Buddhist Prayer (Metta)